Social Representations of Pharmacogenetic Testing in Clinical Practice: How to Speed up Knowledge Transfer?
Objectives: In this original research, objectives are 1) to understand how medical professionals and patients stand with regard to PGt and 2) to make recommendations to improve the social acceptability of PGt and knowledge transfer.
Methods: We have conducted six focus groups in the Saguenay−Lac-Saint-Jean region (Quebec, Canada): two groups composed of general practitioners (GPs) (n=25), two groups composed of pharmacists (n=11) and two groups composed of patients (n=30). Part of the interview was based on real-life situations with drug examples that are commonly prescribed. In addition, we had asked all participants about their knowledge and perception of genetics in medical practice and what could be the roles of different professionals in regards to PGt.
Results: The data highlighted a willingness in regards to PGt application in all interviewed groups, but it also highlighted the central role of social representations on the acceptability of this technology. GPs and pharmacists had expressed the limitation of implementation of PGt in healthcare system mainly because of a lack of information about the accessibility of these tests, the delay of obtaining results, cost-benefits studies and ethical considerations. The patients were generally in agreement with the PGt and they trusted the medical professionals.
Conclusion: We have been able to highlight the social representations of PGt which have led to a set of recommendations that could help better apply PGt knowledge in clinical practice.