Gender Occupational Segregation and Its Impact on the Gender Wage Gap Among Migrants in China
Gender occupational segregation is argued to explain gender wage gap, whereas few study has examined this causal link for migrants in China before. One exception is the study of Meng (1998). However, he only studied four occupational groups: construction, industry, service, and self-employed, and used a relatively small sample (1504 migrants) collected in one city (Jinan) that is not among the most urbanized cities in China. Nowadays, as a result of educational expansion and the diversification of labor demand, migrants work in many more occupational groups. Moreover, a recent study showed that broad occupational groups are not sufficient to show the dynamics of labor market in China (Xiu & Gunderson, 2015).
In this paper, we aim to use decomposition methods to examine to what extent gender occupational segregation explains the gender wage gap among Chinese migrants. We will answer our research question using data from a national survey, the China General Social Survey, wave 2003 and 2013. In the data, detailed information is available on educational attainment, occupation, migration, and demographics. We will show what part of the gender wage gap is explained by gender occupational segregation and how this changes over time.