The Impact of Urban Scene Distribution for Local Development – Analysis of Urban Amenity in Seoul

Monday, 16 July 2018: 20:00
Oral Presentation
Sanghyeon KIM, Department of Urban Sociology, University of Seoul, Republic of Korea
In recent years, the positive prospects for the creative class and the creative city have diminished. It is because of the frustration of hoping that attracting creative and innovative talent and occupation groups in the city will stimulate the local economy. Instead, discussion of gentrification is vigorous. The gentrification is completed in several steps. As a first step, creative activities and talent gather in the areas that have been in underdeveloped areas, and they are characterized by local characteristics. In the second phase, people and money gather in newly emerging areas. At the end of the day, excessively concentrated capital raises rents to eliminate local features and create a crowded city. This process not only deepens the inequality of cities but also lowers the city's growth potential. The phenomenon of gentrification has been overlooked in the discussion of creative city. More amenity is not synonymous with a better growth environment. This study analyzes the change of city scenes in the major regions of Seoul and analyzes the process of transforming creative and free - spirited regions with capital input. People's feelings about space analyze the various texts posted on the web and compare them year by year. Changes in the distribution of amenity within the space are mapped and their density is analyzed. This analysis explains the factors that reduce the competitiveness of space.