Local Policy Innovation and City Governance: Graduate Entrepreneurship Policies and Practices in Shenzhen City, China
Shenzhen City, China’s first Special Economic Zone, is one of the most important sites for policy innovation and the delivery of social policy programmes. In addition, it is the only non-municipal city of most active entrepreneurship and received the largest amount of venture capital (Tencent Research Institute, 2016, Internet Entrepreneurship and Innovation White Paper). And Shenzhen is one of the pilot localities for mass innovation by the State Council in May 2016.
Against the backdrop, this study investigates how the Shenzhen government act to support the development of innovation and entrepreneurship of university graduates. The analysis will focus on policies and practices promoting graduate entrepreneurship in Shenzhen, including but not limited to financial support, the training of human resource, the collaboration of establishing Qianhai Shenzhen-Hong Kong Modern Service Industries Cooperation Zone, and other policy programmes for innovation such as incubators and institutional support. More importantly, this study will examine how Shenzhen government has been working closely with industry, higher education institutions, and social communities to implement policy innovations. This study contributes to a better understanding of the local policy innovation in a developmental state.