The Contribution of Disability Movements and Disability Studies to Human Rights
Originating from Anglo-American debates of the disability rights movement and strengthened in the emerging field of disability studies, a social model of disability informs the UN CRPD. According to this model, disability is caused by the way society is organised and not a person's impairment or difference. With these ideas, the focus shifts away from an individual's body to social barriers that impede participation and inclusion; a crucial paradigm shift for policy-making. Based on empirical examples from developments in Germany and Nigeria, we show how the UN CRPD provides an effective instrument to challenge current provisions for children with disabilities in the field of education. In effectuating educational change, the UN CRPD eventually extends social theories on impairment, disability and stigmatisation into the political and eventually societal realm.