Gated and Mobilized Lifestyle of Japanese Migrants in Bali: With an Analysis of Mobility and Motility

Wednesday, 18 July 2018: 16:30
Oral Presentation
Kosuke HISHIYAMA, Kindai University, Japan
This presentation will clarify the characteristics of Japanese Lifestyle Migrants in Bali, Indonesia, who are dwelling in the Gated Communities. In order to analyze them, the theory of mobility and motility will be applied. Through the analysis, the relation between the flow of Lifestyle Migrants and enclosure of Gated Community will be explained.
Between 1980s’ to 1990s’, Lifestyle Migration was not so popular in Japan and limited in Super Rich. The destination was developed countries. In 2000s’, the neoliberal policy by the government pushed Japanese to Southeast Asian countries. The booming of seminars of lifestyle migration by Japanese real estate consultants also accelerates the tendency. In Bali, traditional housing sector has been marketized and the gated communities have been developed. They provide Japanese Lifestyle Migrants with opportunity of motility and mobilization of their lifestyle. With this background, they establish various spatial mobilities and social activities.
In the first part, I will clarify their social status. Most of them are not super rich but high middle-class. They are divided two patterns of family structure. One is younger people who marry Balinease with downward marriage. Another is retired Japanese couple. Both of them frequently move between Japan and Bali.
In the 2nd part, the way of gating (enclosure) and mobilization of lifestyle of Japanese Migrants will be described. Most of them chose the gated community as their living environment because of comfort, safety, quietness, etc. Such factors are easy to control, arrange and mobilize as their plural “Bali” images.
In the 3rd part, I will analyze the cases from the theory of mobility and motility. The way of gating and mobilizing their lifestyle is materialized as their spatial mobility and motility.
Finally, I will clarify the achievement of my research and contribution to the gentrification studies and sociological discussions.