Rational Choice Approaches to Social Inequality and Justice

Wednesday, 18 July 2018: 08:30-10:20
RC45 Rational Choice (host committee)

Language: English

This session investigates how the notion of justice can highlight the notion of social inequality. In poverty, exclusion of immigrants, or gender discrimination, people can feel social inequality. People regard a situation as unequal because the situation does not realize what they think is just. Still, it is unclear how social inequality and justice are woven together. Can social inequality be justified without a certain notion of justice? Is justice a normative concept or a descriptive one? How is justice related to power and violence? Rational choice theory may shed light to these puzzles. By assuming micro individual mechanisms, rational choice theory can specify what logical structure a notion of justice has and how justice leads to our sense of social inequality. Consequently, the theory may bridge the two concepts to understand empirical data. The session welcomes purely theoretical or methodological approaches to the problem, as well as empirical analyses (using either quantitative or qualitative data).
Session Organizer:
Jun KOBAYASHI, Seikei University, Japan
Oral Presentations
Why Is Justice Regarded As Important? Theoretical Considerations and an Empirical Test
Stefan LIEBIG, German Institute for Economic Research, Germany; Carsten SAUER, Department of Sociology, Bielefeld University, Germany; Sebastian HÜLLE, Department of Sociology, Bielefeld University, Germany
Life-Is-like-a-Random-Walk Model of Class Identification
Atsushi ISHIDA, Osaka University of Economics, Japan
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