Historical and Comparative Sociology of Examinations
Examinations have been a central pillar in contemporary society. Neo-liberalistic governments of both Western and Non-western countries tend to establish detailed, multi-layered, and continuing system of tests or examinations. In addition, international tests (e.g. PISA, TIMSS) have been introduced to assess the effectiveness of the education system in various countries. However, in spite of their benefits, these assessments have led to several harmful effects in other respects.
They have often been studied through detailed present data analysis or historical analysis of a particular country, or through one-shot comparative analysis of several countries. These tests are a method of international comparison themselves. However, few studies have been made in both historical and comparative study. Previous studies have little connection with various theories in historical and comparative sociology.
This session welcomes papers on examinations using both historical and comparative viewpoints, regardless of examination type, countries, and time periods.