Preventing the Rapid Spread of HIV Among Young Women in Sub Saharan Africa
a significant impact on many countries in Sub Saharan Africa(SSA)--the most severely HIV affected
region of the world. Since 2003,over seven million people have been put on ARVs,
six million men have received voluntary male circumcision, and 21 million
individuals have participated in prevention programs(Birx,2015). These efforts have resulted in a decrease
in AIDS mortality and prevented millions of new infections. Yet,without substantial additional funding for
these programs,there could be 28 million new infections,mostly in this region,by 2020(UNAIDS,2014).
With global funding for HIV treatment and prevention essentially flat lined,it is essential to target populations
and localities where the epidemic is spreading most rapidly. In Sub Saharan Africa,adolescent girls and other
young women are disproportionately affected by HIV. Recent data shows that in 2013,380,000 adolescent girls
and young women were infected with HIV in SSA. Over 80 percent of the new infections among adolescents
in these countries were young girls(UNAIDS,2014). The objectives of this presentation are to describe the spread
of HIV/AIIDS among adolescent girls and other young women in selected countries of Sub Saharan Africa ,discuss
social and economic obstacles to their participation in prevention and treatment programs, and present evidenced
based combination prevention interventions that are now targeting this high risk group. These core prevention
interventions have been developed by PEPFAR and Global AIDS programs working in Sub Saharan Africa.