Don't Ask What Your Nation Can Do for You… Welfare State Attitudes and Individual Religiousness
The presentation addresses the question of whether the degree of heterogeneity of religious communities has any influence on the willingness to support redistribution this community?
Multi-level analyses on the basis of the EVS data from 2008 suggest that acceptance of taxation and of redistribution at least within the member states of the European Union (EU) depend to a considerable degree on religious identifications. According to the literature, religion is treated as a multi-dimensional concept comprising of belonging to a denomination, the individual salience of religiousness, the practice of ‘service attendance’, and the practise of ‘praying outside service’.
On the basis of a multi-level regression analysis the presentation will show, that the acceptance of governmental redistribution and taxation follows the religious dimensions differently: Religious memberships affect governmental redistribution and taxation in the way that “higher authority is favoured, but cheating is ok as well” and that context matters as well:
The existence of religious majorities affect the acceptance of redistribution negatively.
The presentation will contribute to a better understanding of how religious group affiliations, memberships and beliefs affect the acceptance to care for others and for the wellbeing of a (national) society.