Impact of the Institutional Setting of ECEC on the Use of Child Care in Europe
We use multilevel modelling to analyse the two-level structure. The first level is the family-level where various demographic and socio-economic indicators determine the use of ECEC services. The second level is the country-level where characteristics related to the institutional setting of ECEC come into play such as age of legal entitlement to ECEC, split or unitary ECEC, private provision, public spending, etc. Demographic, socio-economic, and ECEC type- and use-related variables are explored based on the 2013 cross-sectional data from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC). Macro-level indicators are taken mainly from Eurostat and Eurydice. The novelty of this research is in examining the impact of the wider institutional setting of ECEC system on the actual use of these services. We expect the results of this study to help policy-makers in making better choices to improve access to ECEC, especially by disadvantaged families.