Cultural Evolution in the Long Run and Forthcoming Technological Revolution
In the paper we analyze evolution of the technological shifts which took place in the second half of the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries and forecast main shifts in the next half of our century. We present a detailed analysis of the latest production revolution which is denoted as ‘Сybernetic’. We give some forecasts about its development in the nearest five decades and up to the end of the twenty-first century. It is shown that the development of various self-regulating systems will be the main trend of this revolution. We argue that at first the transition to the beginning of the final phase of the Cybernetic Revolution will start in the field of medicine (in its some innovative directions). In future we will deal with the start of convergence of innovative technologies which will form the system of MBNRIC-technologies (i.e. the technological paradigm based on medicine, bio- and nanotechnologies, robotics, IT and cognitive technologies).