Regional Diversity of Components of the Natural Movement of People and Migration in Russia

Wednesday, 13 July 2016: 14:30
Location: Elise Richter Saal (Main Building)
Oral Presentation
Svetlana SIVOPLYASOVA, Institute of Sociopolitical Researches RAS, Russia
Evgenia SIGAREVA, Institute of Siciopolitical Researches RAS, Russia
There is a significant variety of indicators of the reproductive and migration potentials in the Russian Federation. The level of fertility varied from 8.8%o to 26.1%o in different Russian regions in 2013. The level of mortality varied from 3.5%o to 18.6%o. Thus, variability indicators of the people’s natural movement made up 4-5 times. Likewise, the internal and external migration influence the number of people in regions in different ways.

Our research deals with the regional diversity of components of the population natural movement and migration.  Russian statistics marks out six regional groups depending on results of the natural movement of population and migration, which influence reduction or increase in the number of the population.

There are 46 regions with decrease in population, including 19 regions with natural decline and migration outflow, 13 regions with excess natural decline over migration growth, 14 regions with excess migration outflow over natural population growth; and 37 regions with increase in population, including 17 regions with natural and migration growth, 12 regions with excess natural population growth over migration outflow, 8 regions with excess migration growth over natural decline.

Such monitoring enables us to evaluate the development of the regional demographics processes and include the most problematic regions in the state demographic support programs, such as the Program to attract compatriots or Demographic development of the Far East Program, aimed at  the internal and external migration stimulation. This practice can be used in countries with similar demographic processes currently developing in some European countries.