Careers Development and International Mobility of Russian Doctorate Holders

Monday, 11 July 2016: 11:30
Location: Hörsaal 42 (Main Building)
Oral Presentation
Natalia SHMATKO, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russia
Yurij KATCHANOV, National Research University - Higher School of Economics, Russia
The paper summarises the recent trends in the PhD’s Labor Market, the employment and the role that international mobility can play in enhancing employability and career outcomes of doctorate holders.
The international mobility of skilled personnel, doctorate holders in particular, is the subject of much European research. It should be pointed out that the mobility is a complex and sophisticated phenomenon which is not limited to a simple relocation from one country or organization to another but it is accompanied by a range of social causes and consequences. Mobility is related to the changes of an individual’s position in a social space, to the rises or falls of social status or ‘value’, especially in the labor market. The view of ‘mobility’ as of a ‘social process’ along with a ‘physical relocation’ implies the study of an individual’s position changes in the social hierarchy and an individual’s ability to mobilize various resources.
The main trend of modern R&D system is intensification of international contacts and cooperation at all levels: individual, institutional and intergovernmental. Traditionally professional mobility is studied on the basis of trajectory analysis of researchers (diachronic mobility). But considerable part of researchers has positions in several research organizations i.e. they are mobile between institutions (synchronous mobility). This synchronous mobility is less studied.
Our analysis of diachonic and synchronous international mobility of researchers is based on the evidences collected during two empirical studies conducted in 2010-2014 in the framework of the international project “Careers of Doctorate Holders” (OECD, Eurostat, UNESCO Institute for Statistics). The paper proceeds with exploring how past international mobility and multiple affiliation of researchers are associated with the development of their careers. The career trajectories are addressed in terms of career employment and effects on productivity (publications, patents, salary).