The Types of Communities in the Structure of Innovative Society

Monday, 11 July 2016: 11:45
Location: Hörsaal 42 (Main Building)
Oral Presentation
Olga MILIUCHIKHINA, The Russian Presidential Academy of national economy and public administration, Russia
Innovative development of the society depends on two factors: innovative potential and the level of its implementability at present. 
Innovative potential is a person’s ability to use resources to create innovations. 
The implementability level is how innovations influence upon the life of the Society.
Depending on the combination of these factors, it is possible to distinguish some types of communities:
1) Innovative engine has high value of both factors.  Such community is a pioneer of innovative development
2) Copy-paste community does not have a high innovative potential, but is able for fast perception and adaptation of innovations. Such community follows the innovative engine 
3) Latecomer  has a high innovative potential, but a low implementability level. In such communities  innovations play minor role in people’s lives. But ideas, generated in this community, can actively spread in other types of communities
4) Stark community has a low value of both factors. Such communities develop due to extensive factors, innovations are not generated inside, but imported outside.
5) Imitator is a community, where it is impossible to determine the correct value of factors because of closure and opacity. As a rule, such communities emulate innovative activity. But this actions result in consumption of resources and don’t attract significant changes in people’s lives.
The prevalence of a certain type of community determines the level of social innovative development. Structure, in which the first type predominates, is the most competitive in the world economy. The structures with predominating second and third types of communities can go up to innovative engine (in good conditions). Structures with dominating stark communities find themselves at the periphery of world economy development, and the gap will get wider over the time. There are various opinions on the expansion of imitators in the social structure therefore this problem can be analysed  later.