Do Air Quality Policies and Individual Attitudes Meet? Four European Metropolitan Areas for a Comparative Exploration
a) how are relationships between air pollution policies and individual behavior configured?
b) what are the intervening factors explaining cross-national differences?
In order to answer these questions, we adopted a mixed-method approach carrying out an exploratory multi-scalar policy analysis, drawing on 40 semi-structured qualitative interviews with key stakeholders and policy makers and a CAWI survey on 4 EU countries with 9.200 respondents. This joint analysis allows to compare the representation of both individual behavior and attitudes on which air pollution policies are based with individual attitudes figures obtained through our survey. Indeed, a quantification process of qualitative data from interviews, has enriched the survey’s analysis expanding the traditional study of environmental issues’ perception adding the general profile of local air quality policy as an independent variable. On the other hand, socio-economic and material differences among countries may be further explored in relationship to policy-makers and CSO points of view.