Between the Global and the National Culture:
The Double Social Structure of Listening Music Habits
We claim that behind both paradigms there is a struggle between local and global hierarchies of value that can be identify in the Europeans music listening habits. We use the 2001 Euro barometer dataset, which contains the music listening habits of Europeans living in15 European nation-states. The data generation process is modeled as a multilevel mixture factor model in order to uncover the structure of the Europeans music listening habits and simultaneously cluster European nation-states according to their music listening habits. We let the mean value of each indicator as well as the individuals’ factor score to vary randomly.
We found that music listening habits can be classified into two independent hierarchies of values: one of global contemporary music and another of local high/folk hierarchy. The former is associated to individuals’ age and the later to their education and income. Finally we found three clusters of nation-states that differ in the listening habits of their citizens giving support to the double stratification process thesis.