Exploring Youth Religiosity and Multiple-Secularities in Korea: Quests for Happiness in the Immanent Frames
Our research team utilized both quantitative and qualitative method for the youth religiosity and multiple-secularities in Korea: we surveyed 900 college students and interviewed 40 students in the Western Area of Seoul. In addition, our team performed participatory observations for four atheist associations of college students.
Findings report that the youth generation has greater emphasis on autonomy and seeking spirituality rather than conformity and dwelling religiosity in Korea. The quality of life for the youth generation also differs depending on theistic, spiritual, humanistic or scientific atheism. The quest for happiness should be categorized in accordance with different layers of agents’ quests: self-transcendence, spiritual values, and secular goal-attainment. Discourses on autonomy, authenticity, and authority gain different socio-cultural significances depending on emotion, consumption, or reflexivity. Types of atheist movements vary in accordance with its value-orientations: autonomous or interdependent, scientific or humanistic.
This research might open a new horizon for understanding a variety of the immanent frames like happiness beyond dualistic tension between the religious and the secular: it will shed light on a common ground of the quest for the fullness of life for the better world.