Two Generations, Two Social Systems
The research involves the quantification of changes in socio-cultural values (abortion, divorce, gay marriage, drug use, etc.) and other dimensions (political-ideological identification, political participation and interpersonal trust and institutions) and an historical and cultural explanation of such evolution. At the same time, we evaluate how in the process of opening to the world, the values of young Chileans has been assimilating the Latin American and global trends.
To make these evaluations we use data from six chilean “National Surveys Youth” (comparable among each other) gathered between 1999 and 2013 for the 18-29 years group. This includes groups socialized in authoritarian and democratic periods. To contextualize, the results are compared with these of mature democracies (Europe, North America and Oceania), and the Latin American neighborhood, drawn from the World Values Survey.
Preliminary analyses indicate that the gap between values and internal youth cultures and the world are shortened, and the changing attitudes of young Chileans are increasingly associated to global trends.