The Same Job but Different Earnings.
the Women Graduates' Experience from Catalan Universities.
Tuesday, 12 July 2016: 16:00
Location: Hörsaal 48 (Main Building)
The issue we address is related to the income gap between men and women who have gone through the process of university education. Since half of the twentieth century until today it has been a vast majority of graduates’ students who were the first in their family to go to university in Spain. If we distinguish by gender are different trends (counterbalanced each other). So, we note that women during that half century began being less but ended up being as much than men, the reverse of what happened with the participation of men. We focus on the role of the university in the distribution of social opportunities and we pay special attention to the differences in the labor market indicator by sex. Within the university operates a process of homogenization that is diluted in the labor market as far as occupational hierarchies and salary concerns. Thus the aim of this presentation is to compare the employment situation of universities graduates by sex in the labor market insertion process.
We have a survey by the Agency for the Quality of the University System of Catalonia on the employment of university graduates, which explores the employment situation in 2014, of people who had graduated in 2010. From the analysis of contingency tables, T-test, analysis of variance and logistic regressions, different labor market indicators such as activity rates, unemployment and inactivity, job quality and special emphasis is placed on the salary situation of men and women are explored, in order to analyze whether there are differences. The comparison of the data allows us to observe that gender gap persist.