Spatializing Educational Inequalities. Spatial Econometric Models of Neighborhood Effects on Elementary Students' Mathematical Achievement in Zurich, Switzerland.
Using spatial econometric techniques (Ward & Gleditsch 2008; Elhorst 2014), the present contribution not only addresses the methodological challenges but also models the suggested social mechanisms – the adoption of norms and the social integration and interaction in the local context (Galster 2012) – directly. The results indicate heterogeneous neighborhood effects on elementary students’ mathematical achievement in 6th grade. While students with a more fortunate social background benefit from socially advantaged and competitive peers, the more disadvantaged ones and especially boys are negatively affected by their presence in the local context. Taken together, the results suggest local social integration and interaction as the crucial mediating mechanisms and stress the relevance of local spaces for the reproduction and reinforcement of educational and social inequalities.