A Proposal to Measure the Advance of Language Shift in Small Communities Using the Framework of Ecology of Pressures
To take the most adequate actions in language planning we have to know how to evaluate the sociolinguistic situation in a bilingual community. Our purpose is to present a model (model of ecology of pressures. See Terborg & García Landa, 2011) to analyse and explain language shift in small communities of minority groups in a given area. We support our examples on several researches of language shift of indigenous languages in Mexico. The framework includes the concept “utmost common routine” that may be partly calculated by a quantitative corpus obtained by a questionnaire applied to a representative population. The data of the indigenous language will be compared with the data of Spanish, the official language spoken in Mexico, to determine which language is the strongest one among a given age group of the population.
Terborg, R., & García Landa, L. (Eds.). (2011). Muerte y vitalidad de las lenguas indígenas y las presiones sobre sus hablantes. D. F., México: CELE-UNAM.