Laws to Prevent Trafficking of Women and Children in Disaster Prone Areas in India

Tuesday, 12 July 2016: 14:30
Location: Seminarsaal 20 (Juridicum)
Oral Presentation
Panchi PATHAK, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India
Pravinkumar SHIRSAT, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India
Understanding of social construction of gender is significant in disaster related study as the two sexes experience disaster in different intensities. In any disaster, if analysed closely the vulnerability of men and women with respect to their capacities and options available to them during disasters differ in character and scale according to their gender. In the Indian sub-continent the places where there is recurring occurrence of floods have become epicentre for violation of human rights and indeed human dignity. While understanding the trafficking problem in the disaster hit area, it is important to note that it is a means to some end, for the family selling the children a means to come out of desperation in the poverty stricken situation although it does not result in the same. And for the trafficker a means to economic benefit. The critical is transaction of money and physical transportation of a person in different geographies unwillingly or ignorantly that ends up in exploitation. Although trafficking is a violation of Human Rights but during rough times it becomes a means to fight one’s poverty trappings. The trafficking some time is myopically understood as synonymous to prostitution although some times the trafficked person ends up in sex tread mostly girls and women, it much more than sex business. However the social cognizance and a resistance to this social evil has not been notice apart from institutional mechanism to protect victims. Many organizations and institutions of law are working to deal with the problem. Although the efforts seems not yielding the required results as the issue is getting bigger and bigger. Through this study the researcher is trying to discuss that trafficking is not merely a question of law but it is an issue of complex reality of poverty, illiteracy and vulnerability.