Alienation, Anomie and Fatalism: Durkheim Revisited
The paper examines anomic world interpretations in a double perspective. Firstly, the sociological discussion on anomic experiences is recapitulated with the result that the concept ‘anomie’ has varying meaning in different theoretical contexts, and the links to alienation theory are examined. Secondly, worldviews of unemployed are explored with a qualitative approach. Based on biographical narrative interviews, the paper analyzes experiences of contingency, alienation and heteronomy focusing on the perception of order or disorder in one’s own life and the world. The empirical analyzes are thirdly condensed into a typology of worldviews differentiating the dimension of order and completing the Durkheimian opposition of anomie and fatalism by the perception of a well ordered world.