Memberless Civil Society in Russia: Interdependencies Between the Third Sector, the State and the Market
The context that shaped the organizational character and the scope of activities of the Russian NGOs has been a complex combination of efforts by various actors. In the 1990s the foreign donors aimed to strengthen organizational capacities of the third sector while setting an agenda that did not really reflect the domestic issues and needs. In the 2000s governmental attempts to steer the role of the third sector increased, the legislation was introduced that to hinder foreign financial and ideological influence, to prevent political opposition. We thus aim to capture the differences and similarities between these two periods by comparing organization established during these two periods. Empirical materials include the legislative framework, interviews, observations and documents produced by and for the NGOs.
Analyzing and theoretically capturing the institutional and organizational change in civil society in Russia we aim to understand whether and how the development of the Russian third sector corresponds and differs from the international pattern of changes in civil society, characterized by diminishing membership base and concentration of resources in financial institutions, states and corporate enterprises.