Civilizational Specific of Dreams in Russia and China

Monday, 11 July 2016: 16:45
Location: Hörsaal 30 (Main Building)
Oral Presentation
Irina TYURINA, Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
Mikhail GORSHKOV, Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
In the ordinary sense dream is associated with a cherished desire. But sociological understanding is not limited to that: dream is also a mental image of the desired future of the society. So sociological study of dreams is necessary - without it it’s not possible to define image of the future desired by population of the country. So comparative project is especially interesting, since it not only reveals the specifics of dreams and their basic elements in two BRIC countries, but also defines cultural and civilizational specificities and correlation between norms and values systems of their population that are reflected in the specifics of the dreams. Understanding of the desired future and its elements that exist in the views of Russian and Chinese population also give an answer to the fundamental question of whether "Russian Dream" and "Chinese dream" represent alternative public projects and how they correspond with the proposed images of desired future in other cultural frameworks, both at the macro-and micro-level (ie at the level of the "big" dreams about a particular society, and at the level of individual dreams about something personal). This type of research is particularly important considering the fact that in the past three decades qualitative changes in ratio between planned and market principles in the economy have occurred in both Russia and China, but paths of transition to market that these countries have chosen were quite different. Among the key factors that determine characteristics of the modern development of these countries are norms and values systems that form the core of the national culture, and the key issue in this context is the problem of effective combination of economic modernization processes and development of market economy, on the one hand, and preservation of specific national culture - on the other.