Building Social Cohesion in a Plurilingual Setting? a Longitudinal View to the Sociolinguistic Evolution of Adolescents in Catalonia
In our presentation we will discuss the main results of a longitudinal, pure panel research that followed a sample of more than 1,000 schoolchildren from a variety of localities in Catalonia, a highly plurilingual social environment with a significant percentages of alloglot recent immigration. Questionnaires were administered to informants several times since the end of their primary education to the end of their compulsory education, in order to follow their individual and collective sociolinguistic evolution in respect to three bundles of sociolinguistic variables: language practices (LP) in a variety of domains (home, friends and classmates, school, and entertainment), language confidence (LC), and language attitudes (LA) towards Catalan and Castilian.
Results show that, whereas deep transformations can be detected in some of the variables analysed, especially LP, other —especially LC— remain much more stable in the course of the years. L1 reveals as a powerful predictor of LP, LC and LA, but in very different magnitudes. The position of adolescents vis-a-vis the different L1 is also very different, and a distinction appears between the two highly regarded official languages, and the non-official languages, which show clear signs of language shift. Finally, in spite of increased exposure to English, this language seems to be only relevant in some specific domains closely connected with the consumption of imported entertainment.