Temporary Agency Work and Mental Health in Europe – Decent Work As a Long-Term Goal
Based on 29 studies from Europe, our review shows that temporary agency work is associated with an increasing risk to develop symptoms of depression and burnout. In addition, compared to employees with regular contracts, temporary agency workers report less job satisfaction and motivation. These health risks are often attributed to the potentially precarious character of temporary agency work which results from insecure and harmful working conditions (Dörre, 2009; Dütsch, 2011; Isaksson & Bellagh, 2002; Kvasnicka, 2003; Wagenaar et al., 2012). Despite the statutory principle of equal treatment, various studies illustrate that temporary agency workers are more likely to be part of low income groups, that their work is often dominated by dangerous working conditions, and that they receive less training than regular workers (Becker & Engel 2015; Eurofound, 2007; Schuring, van Oosten & Burdorf, 2013).
In our contribution we will present empirical results of our systematic review. Given the potentially precarious character of temporary agency work we will discuss possible underlying mechanisms. Finally, we will focus on current legal regulations and future/ prospective changes in regulations capable of improving working conditions and hence health-related aspects of temporary agency workers.