Comparative Analysis of Two Models of Conflict Resolution in Somalia

Tuesday, 12 July 2016: 15:15
Location: Hörsaal 6D P (Neues Institutsgebäude (NIG))
Oral Presentation
Alemayehu KUMSA, Charles University, Czech Republic
Comparative analysis of two models of conflict resolution in Somalia

The Somali Republic was not in existence as sovereign state starting from 1991, after many groups of Somali armed opposition groups fought and able to overthrow the dictatorial government of General Said Barre. These armed opposition fighting groups able to build a common goal to eliminate the regime but unable to build common central government to govern the country. The former British Somali colonial territory withdrew from this chaotic situation and able to create Somaliland Republic in 1991. The Somaliland Republic built in the last two decades a basic democratic institutions and became peaceful country in the violent unstable region of Horn of Africa. The other part of former Somali republic has been in war from 1991 until today. To stabilize and help to form central government in Mogadishu, many United Nations' military missions were sent to the country and finally at this time the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISON) is fighting against Al-Shabab, to eliminate the organization and to help to build central government in Somalia but AMISON is very far to realize its objectives.  

The paper compares two models of conflict resolution in solving the violent conflict in Somalia. The Somali people built their indigenous model of democracy for many centuries of their existence as one people. The Somaliland Republic people using their indigenous model of conflict resolution, resolved their internal disagreement in peaceful way and built their democratic state. The southern Somali territories using the foreign imposed conflict resolution did not able to build peace in the country. We discuss these two models of conflict resolution and the negative role of Ethiopia and Kenya in Somalia for their ambition to control Somalia with blessing of USA.