Local Determinants of Educational Inequalities: Example of Poland
We will discuss the diversity of learning opportunities for children aged up to 15 years depending on the type of place of residence. Then we will show how institutional conditions, i.e. the availability of educational institutions, influence the decisions taken at the individual level, e.g. the choice of a type of school or decisions concerning attending or not attending preschool. It turns out that the place of residence affects the range of options considered by the parents very strongly, and in fact, many people, especially in rural areas, do not have any choice at all. In other words, the characteristics of the place of residence not only determine if the parents of small or school-aged children have a choice, but these local factors also limit the range of available options. Other factors, such as financial and cultural capital of the parents, also affect the choices they make concerning their children’s education. In our presentation we want to analyse inequality in access to educational institutions and its effects in terms of specific educational decisions.