The General Strike of November 2012 and Anti-Austerity Protests – Evidence from the Portuguese Case
In this article, we address the general strike of November 14, 2012 to, from the Portuguese case, examine the role of general strikes in this wave of protest. The study seeks to explore its insertion in the conflictual dynamics of this period, not only for their transnational dimension as on the relationship between actors - particularly between trade unions and new political actors involved in anti-austerity protests.
Therefore, we begin by looking at the changes in the power resources of organized labour seeking to identify their strategic challenges and possibilities of revitalization of collective action. Next, we present an overview of the contentious dynamics in Portugal, on the eve and during the anti-austerity protests between 2010 and 2013 and point out to the political, economic and social context in which they occurred. Finally, we seek to contribute to clarify the nature of this episode, raising some questions for further deepening the study of the role of general strikes as a strategic instrument of the working classes.