Socio-political change in times of crisis
The global campaign to eliminate violence against children represents a major UN initiative and was opened by Paulo Sergio Pinheiro and UN Secretary-General’s World Report on Violence against Children in 2006. UNICEF published in 2014 “Hidden in Plain Sight: A Statistical Analysis of Violence Against Children”.
Violence against children occurs at home, in the home, institutions of child protection and juvenile justice, in the community and the Internet. Almost a billion children (6 in 10) between 2 and 14 years worldwide are subjected to physical punishment by their caregivers on a regular basis. Around 120 million girls under age 20 (about 1 in 10) have been forced to sexual intercourse, and 95,000 children and adolescents under age 20 have been victims of homicide.
Topics for this session could include:
- Homicide of children
- Physical punishment in the home and in the community, including corporal punishment. (By now 44 countries have prohibited corporal punishment by law.)
- Sexual violence (including child prostitution, child trafficking, sale of children and child pornography)
- Children in war situations and child soldiers
- Violence in child welfare institutions (foster care, run-aways, throw-aways) and in juvenile justice institutions
Note: According to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, the definition of the child is from birth until age 18 or whenever legal majority is attained. 194 countries have ratified this international rights treaty with the exception of the United States, Somalia and South Sudan.