Changing Reproductive Behaviour and Migration As Response To Climate/Environmental Change: Evidence From Rural Northern Ghana
With the Bongo District as the study area, the study draws on the ‘theory of multiphasic response’. It is noted that aside the many responses that households make, it has been observed that people also migrate to southern Ghana and have changed their reproductive behaviour by reducing their fertility levels. Using qualitative interviews and secondary statistical data, the study highlights the role of rainfall variability, environmental degradation, crop failure in the face of population growth in influencing migration and fertility change in northern Ghana. This will provide explanation or fill the gap between the seemingly lack of correlation between fertility change and contraceptive usage in northern Ghana and also contribute to the on-going population-environment nexus debate.
Keywords: Upper East Region, Bongo District, Migration, Population Growth, Fertility Decline, Environmental Degradation, Climate/Rainfall Variability, Floods, Agriculture