Future Of Democracy In The Modern World

Wednesday, July 16, 2014: 6:30 PM
Room: F206
Oral Presentation
Petr SMIRNOV , Faculty of sociology, Saint-Petersburg State University, Grigory Smirnov, Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Democracy is one of the ancient forms of social self-government, which possesses many advantages and democratization of a society is a progressive process. However, today mass media spread illusory ideas about democracy as the terminal value which presence will provide the peace and well-being on the Earth. Relying on this illusion, Western democracies, headed by the USA, stimulate democratization process in the world, using ideological, political, economic and military means.

However the facts of real history disprove this illusion. Democratic states are not less aggressive, than authoritarian ones. Athens, Sparta and Rome, all European democracies during epoch of colonialism and the USA (during all its history) were aggressive.

We consider democracy as an instrumental value. It appears to be effective and naturally arises when society reaches sufficient consent in regards to basic values (one God for everyone, nation, person, society, etc.). When such agreement not exists, a dictatorship provides the minimum order in a society. For example, dictatorships of Cromwell, Napoleon, Stalin, Pinochet, etc.

There is no consent regarding basic universal values in the modern world. Hardly a man and his rights will be recognized as the highest values by billions of people in the near future. The policy of Western countries aimed at their promotion, leads to anarchy and violence. Therefore it is difficult to expect peaceful expansion of democracy on a global scale. Today’s biggest task for social scientists is to reveal basic values in regards to which mankind can come to the consent.