Resilience Strategies Carried By the Residents and Volunteers: A Study of Great East Japan Earthquake
At first, the Volunteer Center began the fund-raising, as the emergency-relief work. The donation was spent as the travel expenses for the teams to go to KIRIKIRI. We helped the KIRIKIRI's residents to move the evacuation center from KIRIKIRI Elementary School to the old KIRIKIRI junior high school, which was not used as a school at that time, and helped teachers to reopen KIRIKIRI elementary school. These activities can be regarded as the respite care in a wide meaning. As the support activities for the residents who have lived in the provisional housing, the members of the teams were taught how to cook the local cuisine, named “KOMAKOMA-JIRU”, by the residents. The reason why the activity to learn how to make local cuisine from residents functions as supportive activity will be explained by the activity theory in social gerontology. Volunteers helped with the reproduction of "the KIRIKIRI dialect dictionary" most of which had been carried away by the tsunami. This activity gave the residents the pride for the KIRIKIRI.