Alienation of Scientists in Post-Communist Europe

Tuesday, July 15, 2014: 8:45 AM
Room: Booth 63
Oral Presentation
Larissa VDOVICHENKO , Russian State University for Humanities, Moscow, Russia
This paper focusеs on the alienations’ problems of scientists: researchers in scientific institutes, centres and universities in Post-Communist Europe. This topic hasn’t yet received enough attention, especially in sociological researches of these countries. After the clash of the USSR it was seen decreasing of scientific study especially in fundamental branches of science but also in humanitarian knowledge. This process was accompanied by cuts of wages of researchers, their social exclusion from decision-making process and growing alienation. From the other side many researchers went abroad from the countries of their residence and some of them begun to participate in different projects and programs of foreign countries. They didn’t identify results of their researches with former Homeland but linked their achievements with the place of present residence. This situation provoked appearance of the new forms of alienation. The paper analyzes manifestations and consequences of such alienation in scientific practices. I’ll try to give certain contribution to the discussion about alienation in Post-Communist Europe. Haw did dramatic social changes that had taken place in these countries stimulate growing alienation of scientific researchers in different Post-Communist countries? From the other side scientific cooperation contains reserved possibilities to help scientific researchers’ overcoming self-estrangement. Haw the changes of political life in their Homeland could influence their isolation? Thus the paper focuses attention on this background of people’s alienation. My analysis builds on media accounts, interviews with scientific researchers and data’s of sociological monitoring of different materials. The paper provides useful information for an outlook necessary for understanding sources of alienation in the scientific sphere of the Post-Communist European countries and for development of the general Alienation Theory.