Family Matters: The Effect of Demographic Changes in Family Patterns on Rising Income Inequality
Our preliminary results indicate that the widening inequality was by and large a result of widening inequalities within the different types of households (based on education). This might indicate that educational assortative mating alone cannot explain the increase in inequality and should be, therefore, studied in tandem with the actual work patterns of women in households with different levels of spouses' education. The period under question witnessed a rise in women's labor force participation (Kimhi, 2012). While most households in Israel are composed of two earners there is still a substantial variation among them in their earner composition, with some having two full-time earners, while in others one spouse (or both) work on a part-time basis, and still others have only one provider. The effect of women's employment on inequality seems of great importance, since their pattern of work is more varied than that of men.