The Impact of Work, Family and Gender Equality Policies on Vertical Occupational Sex Segregation: Comparative Analysis Across 21 European Countries
We will address this lacunae by looking at the impact of work, family and gender equality policies on vertical occupational sex segregation. The study starts with a comparative assessment of different welfare state regimes in terms of overall division of labour to identify the type of breadwinner model and then map the relevant recent policy reforms in 21 European countries. Special emphasis is given to policies reconciling work and family and gender equality policies. While it can be assumed that these policies have an effect on female representation on the top and middle ranges of the job hierarchy, female concentration at the lower end might be less affected. Since low representation of women at the top often is mirrored by a clustering of women in so called ‘pink collar’ service sector jobs, we will additionally include policies regarding low-wage work to cover their impact on occupational stratification among women. The multilevel model applied uses data from Multilink and the EU-SILC for the year 2010/2011. Concluding remarks will reflect on the complex interaction of welfare state policies, employment systems and women’s labor market integration.