Between "Munesuke Mita" and "Yusuke Maki" -on the Possibilities of Fictional Construction By Sociology-

Monday, July 14, 2014: 4:15 PM
Room: 304
Oral Presentation
Heijiro KATAKAMI , Department of Arts, Rikkyo University, Tokyo, Japan
"Yusuke Maki" is the pseudonym of the Japanese sociologist Munesuke Mita. Mita uses the name "Maki" for creating a new style of sociology. Mita says that the name of "Mita" is used for works within the modern society and the name of "Maki" is used for works beyond the modern rationality. It is remarkable that one person has two names as sociologist, and he uses them for different purposes. Mita uses the fictional sociologist "Maki" for alternative images of sociology. The purpose of this presentation is to consider the possibilities of fictional construction by sociology from Mita's project "Maki."
Maki often uses the word "clarity" affirmatively, and there are two aspects of this word in his works. The first connotation is the clearness and the thoroughness of a theoretical structure. Generally speaking, the social figure of sociological theory is different from that in real society, as in the example of Max Weber's "ideal types." But such a fictional character in sociological theory enables us to have a theoretical "clarity." The second connotation of "clarity" is unmediated interaction between people in society. Maki's definition of "Gemeinschaft" uses this aspect of "clarity." The fictional sociologist "Maki" creates the image of a not yet existant utopia by combining these two aspects of "clarity." Here is a fictional possibility of sociology.
Maki's social theory intends to create a sociology beyond the modern rationality. But it doesn't ignore or deny the potential of modernity. He seeks to change the direction of the modern rationality. The early works of Mita and Maki largely depend on modern Western social theories, and in the later works Maki creates his original perspective of "comparative sociology" which relativizes the western modernity. A consideration of Maki's social theory probably links to a consideration of social theories in a non-western world.