Postsekulyarizm of Modern Society: Russian Option

Thursday, July 17, 2014: 8:30 AM
Room: 315
Oral Presentation
Igor RYAZANTSEV , Faculty of social sciences of St.Tikhon's Ortodox University, St.Tikhon's Orthodox University, Russia
We observe a social request for religion and religious values comeback in the public space today. This can be observed by the example of protests actions in defense of traditional family in France, protests actions in defense of keeping crucifixes in Italian schools, the Christmas tree as a Christian symbol of Christmas in the Benelux countries, etc. etc.

The Russian society lost faith in the communist ideas at the turn of the 80's and 90's., and later liberal ideas - which were approved during the epoch of liberal democratic reform of 90s - had become nothing for the vast majority of people.

This happened due to the fact that neither one nor the other idea contained the core of cultural and spiritual traditions of Russian society.

At what point and why the ‘Orthodox believer’ in Russia becomes the dominant force, the mechanism of social change? At the time of the Soviet Union collapse, the destruction of Soviet type societies institutional structure, during the state of anomie. At this point, the fabric of social relations becomes loose, able to sense even a small impact as triggers for deep and large-scale social change. At this point, the ‘Orthodox believer' is gradually becoming a carrier of dominant Orthodox identity and ceases to be a 'stranger'.

During the 90's and early 2000's the number of carriers Orthodox identity and Orthodox believers, including churched Orthodox believers increased several times. 'Generation in the way' are those who have experienced religion and found a new identity for themselves after 1991.

'Generation in the way' is a notion which more or less accurately captures a new social set, which is characterized by varying degrees of perception by this Orthodox identity: from the identity of the Orthodox by self-identification to deeply churched orthodox believer.