Changing Trends in Academic Practices in Higher Education – Reasons and Remedies
Based on fifteen years of teaching experience and close interaction with the students in an undergraduate college located in a metropolitan city of India it is observed by the author that the importance of some of these core academic practices followed in the educational institutes has gradually declined. Their role in transfer of tacit knowledge (Polanyi) through personal interaction is not given its due importance. In some premier institutions of higher learning these practices are either significantly reduced or replaced by information and communication technology enabled virtual learning modules.
An effort is made to explain the reasons for these changing trends in academic practices. Three interrelated mechanisms are identified as having advanced this process, increasing credential value of higher education, academic consumerism and a widening gap between professional education and industrial growth in India.
These changes have important implications on knowledge growth and quality of skilled manpower. Based on the feedback of the educationists and faculty members, recommendations are made to increase the involvement of all the stake holders in encouraging academic practices through experiential learning