Differences in Job and Work Mobility of Labor Market Insiders and Outsiders in Taiwan
Existent literatures provide two strands of arguments regarding consequences of nonstandard work arrangement: the stepping-stone hypothesis and the entrapment hypothesis. The stepping-stone hypothesis claims that nonstandard work provides a stepping stone to a standard job and is regarded as a means to flexibilize the rigid labor market. On the other hand, the entrapment hypothesis, which is derived from labor market segmentation theory, assumes that nonstandard work has long-lasting negative consequences on job mobility because it makes nonstandard workers “trapped” in the secondary labor market segment, or leads to unemployment. To investigate which hypothesis is correct in Taiwanese labor markets, I use “Manpower Utilization Quasi-Longitudinal Survey” (2008-2011) to examine job and work mobility between standard and nonstandard workers. As a result, the findings from multi-nominal logistic regression models support the entrapment hypothesis. Segmentation of labor market is reflected in difference of mobility pattern between standard and nonstandard workers.