Transformation of Lifestyle and Leisure Activities of Tribals in Rajasthan(India)

Monday, July 14, 2014: 8:45 PM
Room: F206
Oral Presentation
Alok Kumar MEENA , Dept. Of Sociology, JNV University Jodhpur, Jodhpur, India
Transformation of Lifestyle and Leisure Activities of Tribals in Rajasthan (India)

Abstract                                                                                               Dr Alok Kumar Meena

Leisure is a complex phenomenon pervading every society. Leisure has meant different things to different people and the concept of leisure has changed with the times.  Leisure and lifestyle experiences are culturally determined and each region has its own values and tradition.

The study focuses on a significant social change and transformation of leisure activities and life style of tribals in Rajasthan (India). Modernization, globalization and urbanization lead not only to the growth of commercialism, but also transformed the leisure and lifestyle of tribals, hectic and busy.

Group- oriented activities in the tribal region like Chaupal, circus, puppet shows and village fair in tribal area are about to ruin and are replaced by tea stalls, filmy songs and dances, cinema going, watching TV and satellite cable, use of mobile, etc.

Traditional games like kho-kho, kabbadi, wrestling, gilli-danda, mardadhi; playing cards and chaupad have been replaced by modern games like cricket and football.

Family-oriented activities like folk songs, dances, music, during festivals and marriages are now restricted from week to one day activity and more within domestic sphere rather than public sphere.

Artistic, religious (visiting temples and attending religious discourses or sermons) and cultural activities have been declining and are replaced by watching cinema, smoking, chewing tobacco etc.

In the present paper an attempt has been made to see the different forces of changes and their effect on leisure activities and lifestyle of tribals in Rajasthan and suggestions can be given to restore the traditional leisure activities and life style of tribals.    

Keywords: leisure and lifestyle, Chaupal, Traditional games, family-oriented activities.

 Post Doctoral fellow,Dept. of Sociology, JNV University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India/ Lecturer in Sociology, BSR Govt. Arts College, Alwar, Rajasthan, India     email:alokkumarmeena@yahoo.com