Inequality in Post-Socialist Mongolia: A Case Study
Nonetheless, over the past two decades, the majority of studies on Mongolia's transition has focused on the country’s features of economic transition and political development rather than emerging social issues in general and inequality in particular. As there has been little discussion about the role of development policy choices Mongolia has adopted in lingering social inequality, this paper attempts to fill this gap by measuring, documenting and comparing the depth, forms and changes in social inequality in Mongolia since 1990.
The paper differs from other studies on Mongolia by employing different aspects of inequalityand by examining its interrelations with social mobility, historical and policy legacies and current economic growth. It also uses a mix of quantitative and qualitative methods. The paper finds that not only there is an increasing polarisation, but also there are various excluded groups and stratas emerging in the society within these polars.