Private Lands, Collective Values? Framing of Food Security in a Norwegian Land Use Conflict
A large proportion of the best quality farmland is within the vicinity of the country’s major urban areas. While Norway was urbanised relatively lately by European standards, there is now a very strong centralisation tendency with in migration from rural areas. This, combined with increasing in-migration from abroad, is placing considerable pressure on the remaining farmland – particularly fertile land on the outskirts of major cities. Conflict between agricultural policy objectives for conserving farmland and an increasing financial interest following the demand for housing, roads and infrastructure is thus becoming a major issue in the public and political arenas. Based on a Norwegian case study, this paper will show how food provisioning and food security as collective goals is framed and positioned in discursive struggles on land between financialization, climate concerns and urban growth.