Prevent or Cure ? the New Philosophy of Health Care

Friday, July 18, 2014: 4:40 PM
Room: 501
Distributed Paper
Izabela NAWROLSKA , Department of Finance, University of Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland

 Prevent  or cure ? – the new philosophy of health care

Health care systems evolve at the same time in many different ways: in area of developing technologies, the development of the medical knowledge, because of demographical changes and particularly - aging of the society. This induces modifications of the priorities of the health policy, new methods of organization and more complex funding mechanisms. Individual components of the health care system: illness prevention, basic health care, hospital care have different contribution into the health care systems of different countries. The worlds growing awareness that for keeping and improving the population health the governments must create effective and efficient health system leads to the effective illness prevention. It shouldn’t be expected that the health effects and economical efficiency of the health care system will improve, without appropriate expenditures on actions which delay or prevent illness, and also allow early diagnosis and effective (usually cheaper) treatment

    In the first part of the paper there will be discussed issues connected with modern health conceptions which create the fundaments of the approach to the illness prevention as well as the arguments for the state engagement into health care. Health care is the specific public goods. This induces the choice of criteria, used by policy makers, to allocate public sources. The second part will present characteristics of the prevention actions, rules of the program creations and its place in the health care systems. The crucial significance is to specify the determinant of the changes of the health benefits structures financed from the public means. The last part of this elaboration, based on gathered empirical data, will discussed experiences of the selected European countries on prevention of the selected illnesses, indicating the links between expenditures and the effects of the prevention activities.