The Influence of the Organizational Performance on Psychosocial Health at Work

Wednesday, July 16, 2014: 10:30 AM
Room: 313+314
Oral Presentation
Alena FEDOROVA , Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg, Russia
Mauro GATTI , Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
Maria MENSHIKOVA , Management, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
At the present time there is a domination of cost-effectiveness criteria in the practices of modern businesses which are more attracted by the economic and management activities that can allow the company to prosper and achieve efficient financial results. Nonetheless, statistics show a steady growth in the number of workers who are victims of diseases such as addiction to alcohol, drugs, mental disorders and insomnia, the difference caused by excessive stress due to adverse methods of work organization and interpersonal relations in the workplace. Downsizing, layoffs, retirement, overtime work and forced leaves without pay have a significant disruptive impact on workers, their physical, social and psychological wellbeing. Thus, there is underestimated the social aspect of a negative impact of the organization's economic activities on psychosocial health at work. The given research deals with the issue of social pollution, expressed in reducing the level of welfare and deterioration of physical and psychosocial health of workers caused by the economic activities of the company. The theoretical study has allowed us to formulate hypotheses about the toxic management practices and their negative impact on people’s psychosocial health. An empirical study conducted by the authors in comparison between Russian and Italian companies has permitted to verify the given hypotheses: to examine in detail the nature of social pollution of the intra-organizational environment and to identify toxic elements of the socio-labour relations in the company. An important feature of the current research is studying the social pollution phenomenon from the point of view of employees, employers and trade unions.