The New Challenges for Health Care System

Thursday, July 17, 2014: 4:15 PM
Room: F205
Distributed Paper
Migle BARTUSKAITE , Sociology, Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas, Lithuania
Egle BUTKEVICIENE , Department of Sociology, Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas, Lithuania
The new challenges for health care system
Keywords: health care system (HCS), welfare state, trust in healthcare system, ISSP (International Social Survey Program)
The continuous shifts of the modern society are the causes and should account for changes in all the ways society operates. Risk related to socioeconomic changes, economic crisis, demonopolization of medicine, marketization and etc. are boosting the new challenges for the individuals as well as for society itself, and these social changes have also effected modern healthcare system. Thanks to the technologies that are being developed nowadays, medicine can cure infectious diseases; however, the development of medicine technologies can‘t overcome the social and health inequalities in many countries.
Using the worldwide data of 27 world states (from The International Social Survey ) about instution of health and various indicators (such as opinion about efficiancy of health care system, trust in health care system, lay knowledge about health preservation, healthy life strategies and etc.), there is possiblity to identify the health care situation globally. This presentation aims to showcase this peculiar situation and compare it within various welfare states in the world. East-Central Europe (as post-soviet states) and Mediterranean countries could be distinguished by lack of efficiency, trust and pessimistic beliefs in health care system; while survey showed the biggest trust, efficiency in health care system are in Scandinavian and Benelux countries. These findings draw attention to much wider sociological discourse, that differences could be explained by differences of welfare regimes in various countries.