Inancial Inclusion As a Basic Human Right? Reframing Inequalities in > the > South
This presentation will compare the extent to which incomplete social protection schemes are being replaced by the provision of minimum income transfers and some basic services for the needy through the social protection floor (ILO 2012) and the basic universalism framework (Huber and Stephens 2012) along with a process of “bankcarization“ of the poor and the vulnerable. We argue that preventing market failures instead of promoting equality of opportunities and further public redistributive mechanisms to make market societies more homogeneous reflects strategies to enhance privatization and capital markets whose deployment has been long constraint by domestic market restrictions in the developing world. This trend is likely to reinforce duality and polarity and undermine strategies to achieve broader equality between developed and developing nations, between the wealthy and the excluded. The North-South divide will deepen. We will examine how these conceptual frameworks have emerged in the aftermath of the 2008 crisis; we will scrutinize the profile of the public provision of welfare in some developing countries, through an overview of social spending (public and private).