Water a Social and Strategic Issue for National Defense

Saturday, July 19, 2014: 10:50 AM
Room: Booth 46
Oral Presentation
Maria Helena BATISTA MURTA , Minas Gerais, SUPRAM LM, Governador Valadares, Brazil
A few years ago the United Nations annual report made projections not very good for the future of humanity. The UN noted that in 2050 more than 45 of the world's population will not be able to rely on the individual minimum portion of water for basic needs. According to statistics there are today more than 1.1 billion people with virtually no access to fresh water. These same statistics project chaos in little more than 40 years, when the population reaches the figure of 10 billion individuals.
Brazil is one of the richest countries on the planet's water, and holds 12% of the world's reserves of fresh water. This water, however, has a very uneven distribution.
One of the main problems that emerged in this century is the growing water contamination. She has been polluted and contaminated so scary, especially in coastal areas and in large cities. What difficulties will meet to draw up a strategic plan for national defense, taking into account this reality?
The problem of pollution and contamination, according to the World Health Organization (who), more than 80 cases of diseases in the world resulting from the ingestion of contaminated water, with more than 25 different types of illnesses. Deforestation and pollution of rivers makes this situation even more serious and, as a consequence, almost half of Brazilians (45) have no access to treated water services and 96 million people live without sewage.
From these data we can admit that the next world war could be triggered by lack of water and oil.
As if these problems were not enough, there are still 40% wastage of treated water supplied to users in Brazil.